July 1, 2021 marks the 100th anniversary of the origination of the Communist Party of China. Hitherto history is the history of struggle and sacrifice of the Communist Party of China as well as the people of China . The Communist Party of China and the people have implemented Mao’s statement that “the people are the makers of history” into practice.
In the midst of a fierce process of relentless and unwavering struggle based on the strong unity of peasants and workers against feudalism and imperialism, a fundamentally new democratic revolution took place in China. The revolution was completed in 1949 with a record of great sacrifices and austerities. This overall revolution was led by Chairman Comrade Mao.
In the process of the Chinese Revolution, which demonstrated the ideological path of Marxism-Leninism, Comrade Mao made fundamental use of it and developed creatively in all three constituent parts of Marxism. Due to Comrade Mao’s sovereign development in the field of Marxist philosophy, political economy and scientific socialism, the working proletariat all over the world today have adopted ‘Maoism’ and ‘Mao Ideology’ to show the ideological path for their liberation.
In Russia, Comrade Lenin successfully developed Marxism-Leninism through the successful use of Marxism, just as in China, Mao successfully developed Marxism through Leninism and Marxism through the successful use of Leninism. Therefore, today communists all over the world are using Maoism in the sense of the third developed form of Marxism and Leninism in the class and national liberation movement of their respective countries.
“Chairman Mao devoted most of his time to the service of China,” Deng Xiaoping told a foreign newspaper, ” He saved the party in times of transition and crisis and in danger of counter-revolution. In other words, his contribution is so important that in his absence we would have been in the dark for years. We must not forget that Chairman Mao is the same leader who linked Marxist-Leninist ideology with Chinese reality. Chairman Mao not only creatively linked these principles to politics, but also applied them to philosophy, art, literature and military affairs.”
Thus, with the prosperity of the revolution, Comrade Mao laid a strong foundation for the economic and socio-cultural revolution of China by completing the necessary political revolution. It was on this foundation that Deng Xiaoping, the leader and leader of the ‘construction period’, set out. In some respects, Deng Xiaoping, a leader with a different view from Mao, pursued an economic policy of “liberalism and reform” that was unique to China. Leaning on the path of Mao, he moved forward. He was also successful in the experiment. Basically, he built a strong foundation for economic revolution.
In the history of the Communist Party of China, Mao led the political revolution and Deng led the economic revolution. As the party’s 100-year history unfolds, Xi Jinping, the current Secretary-General of the Communist Party of China and President of the People’s Republic of China, is now leading the world’s political and economic revolution on the basis of this political and economic system.
The experience gained and the ideas developed in the process of revolution, construction and reform have been promoted as Xi Jinping’s ideology as one of the best, most scientific and most practical series of ideas in relation to the 21st century. Based on this idea and experience, China is now leading the world as a whole.
Comrade Mao’s synthesis that class struggle, the struggle for production, and scientific experimentation produce true knowledge has been eloquently endorsed by General Secretary of the CPC and President Xi Jinping.
Socialism with Chinese characteristics
Mao initiated the work of taking pre-capitalist agrarian society to socialism by using Marxism-Leninism according to Chinese territorial characteristics.
Deng Xiaoping is one of the second generation leaders to advance Chinese socialism, paving the way for the construction of socialism of Chinese character. He was an extraordinarily talented leader who identified four areas of agriculture, industry, security, science and technology with the aim of developing China into a modern economically prosperous nation by creating an innovative blueprint for China’s economic development. Called the “Deng Doctrine,” it emphasized the basic spirit of communism, China’s political system, the leadership of the Communist Party, and Marxism-Leninism and Maoism.
Another leader in advancing Chinese socialism was Jiang Zemin, who refined Deng Xiaoping’s ideas and made significant contributions to the construction of Chinese-style socialism in the 21st century. Jiang Zemin promoted the idea of three representations, which led to China’s socio-economic development. Approved by the Chinese Communist Party in 2002, the concept reinforces the role of the Communist Party and emphasizes the following:
1. To refine the productive forces for economic production.
2. To refine Chinese culture in a progressive way for cultural development.
3. Making the interest of the majority of the people the basis for political consensus.
This idea is considered to be a continuation of Marxism-Leninism, Maoism and Deng doctrine, on the basis of which China’s development has moved forward. That is why the current President Xi Jinping has further refined and implemented it.
The world’s economic superpower
In the four decades since Deng Xiaoping took office in 1978, China has developed itself as a world economic power. It has also brought about significant changes in the global economy and geopolitics.
Economic reform in China began with the agricultural sector. State control was loosened and market concessions were provided to farmers through a double track price mechanism. The domestic responsibility system gave them more control over the farm they worked on.
Farmers responded positively to this improvement by increasing their efficiency and productivity. Since then, further improvements have been made in other areas as well. A different type of program called the Urban and Village Enterprise, which was implemented by China in 1984, facilitated the non-agricultural sector. It has been a cornerstone of China’s economic growth and has created a large number of jobs.
The number of jobs increased from 28 million in 1978 to 135 million by 1992. As the reforms spread to the cities, the state industries gained more monopoly and this made them more motivated to become big entrepreneurs. Various incentives were provided for provincial and local bodies to invest and boost economic growth.
In the third decade of the 21st century, China is becoming the world’s first economic superpower. A report by the UK’s Center for Economic and Business Research concludes that China will overtake the United States as the world’s largest economy by 2028. According to the Center, with the skillful management of Covid-19, China’s progress will be faster than in the United States and Europe.
Development of Ideas – Xi Jinping Ideology
After seven decades of political revolution and four decades of economic revolution, China is once again moving forward with a tenacious and visionary leadership. He is moving forward with further refinement of the policies developed by his former leaders, including measures for economic reform.
China began the process of gradual improvement in the domestic economy and handed over part of its economy to the market. In the process of reform, he decided where to invest and where not to invest, for which he created special economic zones and chose the southern coastal provinces.
Policies and concepts put forward by Xi Jinping
Early in his term, Xi, who came to power with anti-corruption issues, intensified the slogan of the rule of law and dismissed millions of large tigers and small flies involved in corruption. Xi presented a program of socialism with Chinese characteristics of the new century at the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in October 2017, which was passed by a unanimous vote, accepting it as the official position of the Chinese Communist Party after Mao and Deng Xiaoping.
Taken as an important remark by the party general secretary, Xi’s idea is believed to have put forward new ideas, new ideas and new strategies in political, economic and social construction, party and military structure as well as environmental civilization. Xinhua noted that Xi’s concept has a central idea and two basic points. The first is Xi’s Chinese hypothesis (Chinese Dream), while China aspires to be a superpower, the latter emphasizes reconstruction and providing comprehensive services to the people. Of these two, the Chinese dream or imagination is considered to be the one that has caused the most turmoil in world politics.
This idea put forward by Xi set a two-century goal (100 years after the founding of the Republic of China, 1948-2049). To develop China into a normally prosperous society by 2021 and to develop it into a fully developed and sophisticated nation by 2049.
According to Robert Lawrence, this notion of transforming Chinese society or China has the following four conceptual elements:
1.Strong China- economically, politically,diplomatically, scientifically, millitarily.
2. Civilized China– equity and fairness, rich culture, high morals.
3 Harmonious China- amity among social class. es.
4 Beautiful China Beautiful – healthy environment, low pollution
Financially, it aims to reach 10,000 per capita income by 2020 and provide 70 percent of urban amenities or urban life by 2030. Considered the Chinese model of development, this ideology aims to broaden Marxism-Leninism and learn from Russia’s failures. It aims to build an economically socialist, politically well-governed and socially civilized and civilized society, as evidenced by China’s influence in the world today.
What can Neplease communists learn from the CPC ?
Hitherto, two socialist models have been established in the history of the communist movement. Russia’s socialism has disintegrated, while socialism with Chinese characteristics has now come to the fore. Just as the capitalist imperialists played a role in dismantling Russia’s socialist state, they are still conspiring to dismantle China’s new socialism. Western capitalist countries, including the United States, have adopted a number of policies and strategies to encircle and destroy China. They have tried many times but failed one after another. China is resisting every challenge by exposing all the conspiracies of the capitalists and imperialists.
Today, the United States is in a position to survive only with the help of China. It is a matter of happiness for Nepal and Nepalis to have this political, economic and strategic status of a good neighbor of Nepal. Every Nepali is deeply aware of the fact that Nepal’s sovereignty has survived till today due to its northern neighbour China, while India’s southern neighbour India has repeatedly tried to attack and swallow Nepal’s sovereignty.
If Nepal did not have a real neighbour like China, Nepal would have come under Indian rule long ago. Even today, India has continued various games to make Nepal subordinate to India through various models including Bhutanization, Sikkimization or Fijianization. He is trying to fulfill his aspirations by preparing his agents in the ruling power of Nepal.
But it is not possible. Now the United States has also become a challenge to Nepal’s independence and sovereignty. Nepal’s national independence is now in grave danger. In this case, the lessons to be learned from the Chinese Communist Party, especially the real communists in Nepal, can be formulated as follows:
# Nepal is still in a semi-feudal and semi-colonial state. In order to make Nepal fully independent and self-reliant, the course of political revolution must be completed by decisive struggle against feudalism and imperialism (including expansionism). And, it is necessary to complete the capitalist revolution completely and usher in the era of economic revolution. For that, it is necessary to move the national independence movement forward together by uniting the various oppressed castes including the peasants and workers. The characteristic of the Chinese leadership, from Mao to Deng and from Dr. Sanyat Sen to Xi Jingping, is to follow the social values established in their country for thousands of years. The ability to transform all three as guiding principles. Although Mao was originally a Marxist, in the course of his practical transformation into a Chinese social perspective, he never forgot the sources of Confucius of the second century BC. When Deng Xiaoping initiated economic reform, he followed the ideals of the 81st Tao Ta Ching (path and virtue) of the great sixth-century Laotian philosopher. Xi Jingping’s Belt and Road seems to us to be the latest thinking, but it is also a new version of the current great footsteps to the West, launched by the Han dynasty general Changchun around 206 BC. The strength and style of the Chinese leadership, which is proud of its ancestral culture, civilization and values and adheres to them in accordance with the times, has brought China to its present state. The Chinese can identify established national values, beliefs and identities and translate them according to the needs of society and time. China’s nationality is strengthened by the maturity of being patronized by ancestors and following the values they have established. And that has led to amazing economic and material development today. In fact, this is an important lesson for Nepal’s communist leadership to learn from China. Like the Chinese leadership, Nepal must first learn to follow its own pride, national originality and values
# Just as China embarked on the journey of economic development through the commercialization and industrialization of agriculture, so too Nepal needs to embark on the journey of economic revolution by commercializing agriculture and developing certain areas as special economic zones. For that, China’s experience can be alive for Nepal.
# Nepal and Nepalese communists can learn a lot from China’s achievements in poverty alleviation, infrastructure and technological development, socialist system of Chinese character, working style of Chinese Communist Party, Chinese agribusiness, inflow and influence of BRI, Chinese diplomacy, Chinese economy, Chinese political system etc. The frameworks used by China for poverty alleviation include tourism promotion, industry, modern agricultural systems, commerce, animal husbandry, self-employment, education, health, social security, etc. Homestay, which was started by preserving the local culture in the promotion of tourism, has made a great contribution in alleviating poverty. Employment has been increased by opening industries and factories, while large industries in the developed provinces have been required to go to the poorer areas and run various programs to contribute to poverty alleviation. Agricultural work and animal husbandry done through cooperatives have contributed to income generation. Arrangements have been made to sell local products online all over China and abroad. Compulsory insurance in social security programs along with health and education has lifted the citizens out of the vicious cycle of poverty. Victims of natural disasters have been relocated to new places. Microfinance has inspired locals to become self-employed.
# In China, with a population of 1.4 billion, about 90 million people have joined the Chinese Communist Party. Anyone can join the Chinese Communist Party after passing the higher secondary level (at the age of 18). No one took party membership at that time and to get party membership after 30 years is to pass a long test. An in-depth report should be made on who wants to join the party. Membership is given only after a long research by studying the conduct, background and family status of the person concerned. Party members must strictly pay levies every month. A certain percentage of a person’s income is specified in the levy. If the income increases, the levy also changes every month. In order to make the party agile and active, every member of the party is kept under two-sided surveillance in order to take responsibility and promote zero tolerance for corruption in a transparent manner. They are monitored by a disciplinary committee and by a special monitoring committee from the other party. Along with the regular convention of the lower committee of the party, the promotion method of the upper committee of the party members is also transparent. The party members in the upper committee are also responsible for volunteering to contribute to poverty alleviation. Poverty alleviation and the Chinese Communist Party’s method of operation are linked to the development of China and the socialist system of Chinese character. This can be an important lesson in the question of what kind of communist party to form.
# Communists have a majority in Nepal but they have not been able to unite due to petty factional interests. In the ideological path of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism-ideology, all the communists will move forward unitedly, focusing on the issues of fulfilling the obligations of nationality, democracy and livelihood. And with iron discipline and determination like the Chinese communists, it is possible to make Nepal not only independent and self-reliant but also prosperous with the development of state-of-the-art technology.
# Strong and powerful leadership, cracking down on corrupt and chaotic members, transparency and the development of a simple lifestyle ahead, the development of communist cadres linked to labor and production are some of the things that cannot be learned from the Chinese Communist Party. Lifestyle and working style must be learned from comrades Mao, Deng and Xi Jinping. To establish a communist way of life with noble ideals. The party has made the policy that once a person in government responsibility has passed the stipulated period, he should immediately work under party responsibility. Another competent person in charge of the party assumes government responsibility. This is an aspect worth learning.
# To end foreign monopoly in the use of human and natural resources of Nepal and to attract foreign investment by setting certain criteria.
# To formulate economic policy by taking full responsibility of the state in the areas related to the production of daily necessities of the people including education and health, taking responsibility and giving other sectors to the private and market.
# Nepal is a multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-cultural country. Just as in China, oppressed nations are given the right to self-determination. In Nepal too, federalism of autonomy can be practiced by giving political rights to the people of oppressed castes and regions.The federalism practiced now is only nominal. Nepal’s communists can easily solve the ethnic problem based on the experiences of Lenin in Russia and Mao in China.
Finally, on this important occasion of the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, I would like to extend my best wishes to the more than 90 million members of the Communist Party of China and the general public. And, on this historic occasion, I would like to express my deep respect for the leaders who have played a leading role in various periods of revolution, construction and reform in a semi-feudal and semi-colonial poor country.